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发布日期:2020-07-18 作者: 点击:

初中英语短语大汇总,太全了!暑假背一背,开学拿高分!



To do 结构





ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事


tell sb  to do sth 


help sb ( to) do sth. 协助做某事


want sb to do sth. 想要做某事


wish sb to do sth. 希望做某事


invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事


drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事


expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事


forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事


force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事


hope to do sth. 希望做某事


offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事


plan to do sth. 方案做某事


prepare to do sth. 预备做某事


pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事


promise to do sth. 容许做某事


refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事


fail to do sth. 未能做某事


happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事


need sb to do sth


need doing =need to be done


advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事


advise doing sth. 建议做某事 


allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事


allow  doing  sth





ing 结构





consider doing sth. 思索做某事


enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 


escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事


finish doing sth. 完成做某事 


give up doing sth. 保持做某事


imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 


mind doing sth. 介意做某事


practice doing sth. 练习做某事


prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 


put off doing sth. 推延做某事 


risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 


forbid doing sth. 制止做某事


forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 





既  to 又  ing






(1) remember to do sth.  记住去做某事,表示这件事情还没有做


    remember doing sth. 记得做过某事


(2) forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事。(未做)


     forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事。(已做)


(3) regret to do sth. 遗憾地(要)做某事 (还未做呢)


     regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事(已经做过了)


(4) try to do sth.  努力做谋事,尽力做某事,但不一定成功


     try doing sth. 试图做谋事


(5) stop  to  do 表示停止现在在做的事情,开始做另外一件事情


     stop  doing 表示停止现在在做的事情


(5) mean to do sth. 计划做某事 


     mean doing sth. 意味着做某事


(6) can’t  help to do sth. 不能协助做某


     can’t  help doing sth. 禁不住做某事


(7) go on to do sth. 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事 


 go on doing sth. 继续做原来做的事





do  动词原形





let sb. do sth.让某人做某事


make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事


make sth  done 


have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事


have sth done


see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事


see sb doing


hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事


hear sb doing


listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 


listen sb doing sth


look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事


watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事


feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事 


had batter do sth





双宾语





give sb sth = give sth to sb


tell sb sth = tell sth to sb


borrow sth from sb


lend sth to sb


buy sth for sb =buy sb sth


show sb sth=show sth to sb





Be 动词结构





be at  home = stay at home 


be in trouble 


be careful of 


be late for


be free  空闲的,有空


be busy doing/with sth


be covered with  被……复盖


 be ready for  为……作好准备


 be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶


 be interested in   对……感到举


be excited about


be angry with 


be mad  at


be friendly to 


be pleased  with


be satisfied  with


be famous  for 


be famous  as


be strict with 


be  strict  in


be  afraid of 


be  afraid to do


be worried about =be anxious about


be glad to do


be from  = come from


be good for 


be bad for 


be good at = do well in


be able to do





Go , get……结构





go to bed  睡觉


go to sleep


go to school


go home 


go fishing /swimming/shopping


go over  复习 


get over 克服


get in 进入,收集


get on/off  上/下车


get to  到达


reach  


arrive in/at





固定搭配





have a lesson /a meeting 上课/开会


have a try  试一试


have a good  time  玩得很高兴


have fun


have breakfast/lunch/supper  吃早饭/午饭/晚饭


have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭


have a fever  发烧


have a coldb感冒


have a look (at) 看一看……


have a rest 休息一会儿


have a talk 谈话


have a walk =take a walk 散步


make friends (with)与……交朋友


make a living  谋生


make a mistake (mistakes)犯错误


make a sentence


be made from/of 由……制成


be made in 在……地方制造


look after =take care of照管,照看,


look for  寻找


look like  看上去像


look out  当心,小心


look around  朝四周看


look at  看着……


put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子)


put up 张帖


set up  竖起,建起


set off  出发,动身


set out  出发


send for  派人去请


take one's advice  听从某人劝告


take out  拿出,取出


take down  拿下


take place  发生


take the place of  代替


take it easy  别紧张


take away  拿走


take off  脱下,起飞,休假


day off / have off 休假


take photos  拍照  


take some medicine  服药


turn on  开,旋开(电灯,收音机等)


turn off  关上(电灯,收音机等)


turn down  (把音量)调低


turn up


turn in 交出,上交


turn…into…  变成


turn…over  把……翻过来


at once  立刻


at last  最后


at first  起先,首先


at the age of…  在……岁时  


at the end of…  在……之末 


by the end of…  到……底为止


at the beginning of…  在……之初


at night/noon  在夜里/中午


in the day


in all  总共


in fact  事实上


in one's twenties  在某人二十几岁时


in a hurry  匆忙


in time


on time


in public  公众,公开地


in order to  为了……


in front of  在……前面


in the front of


in the end  最后,终于


in turn  依次


of course  当然


from now on   从现在起 


from then on  从那时起


for example  例如


far away from  远离


by the way 顺便说


in the way


in this way


on one's way


a piece of  一张(一片,块)


a cup of   一茶怀


a glass of   一玻璃杯


a box of   一盒


a bottle of   一瓶


a set of  一套


a group of   一队,一组,一群


a kind of  一种


all kinds of 


kind of


a type of  一种类型的


a different type of  一种不同型号的


a great deal of  非常多,大量的(不可数名词)


a large (great) number of   非常多,大量的(可数名词)


a great many  大量,许多(可数名词)


all over the world/the country  全世界/全国


the whole country/the whole world  


day after day  日复一日


day by day


up and down  上上下下


the day after tomorrow  后天


the day before yesterday  前天8.其他固定搭配


langht at  嘲笑


be used to  doing习惯于


used to  过去常常


use sth to do sth


be used to do 


be used for doing


wake…up  唤醒


work out  算出 


hurry up  赶快,快点


think about   考虑……


think of


worry about = be worried about


= be anxious about  担忧


throw away  扔掉


hear of  听说


hear from  收到……来信


instead of  代替……


with one's help  在某人的帮助下,由于


with the help of …  在……的帮助下


to one's surprise


up and down  上上下下


just now/then  刚才/那时


late on  过后,后来 


work /study hard


come out


wait for


do morning exercises  做早操


do eye exercises  做眼保健操


get on/along (well) with  与……相处(融洽


In the hospital


In hospital


keep up with  跟上……,


be different from


three minutes' walk


so far


catch the early bus


It takes sb some time to do sth


sb spend some time/money (in)doing /on sth


hundreds / thousands /millions of


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关键词:保山瑞积中学,保山市瑞积中学,保山民办学校

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