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发布日期:2019-09-27 作者: 点击:

初中阶段完形填空高频短语全汇总

中考英语完形填空常用短语(1)


1.With the help of 在~~帮助下

under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下


2.be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格

be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格


3. at present=at the present time 目前

for the present 暂时


4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下

under the sun 在世界上


5. lie in 位于~~之内

lie on 同~~接壤

lie to 位于~~之外


6. at least 至少

in the least 丝毫,一点


7. by name 名叫

in the name of 以~~名义


8. in the air 空中,在流传

on the air 播出


9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法

in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上

get one’s own way to do 随心所欲

give way 让步,屈服

lose one’s way 迷路

by the way 顺便说一下

on one’s way to 在去~~的路上

Come this way 这边走


10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角)

in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)


11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断

judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断


12. at the end (of)在~~结束时

at the beginning of 在~~开始时

at the back of 在~~背后,支持

at the age of ~~岁时 at

the foot of 在~~脚下

at the bottom of 在~~底部

at the top of 在~~顶上

at/on the edge of在~~边上


13. in the course of 在~~过程中

in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里

in the face of面对~,尽管,纵使

in the middle of 在~中间

in the end =at last=finally 最后


14. on the eve of 在~~前夕 on the side of 在~~一边


15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后

for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间


16. behind time 迟到,过期

behind the times 落在时代后面


17. at no time 决不

in no time 立即,马上


18. at one time = once time 曾经

at a time = each time 每次

at times = sometimes 有时

at all times 经常,一直,始终

at the same time 同时

at the time 在~~的时候

by the time 到~~的时候


19. for a moment 一会儿

for the moment 暂时

at the moment 当时

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那


20. once or twice 一两次

more than once 不止一次

once more 重新,又

once upon a time 从前

once in a while 偶尔


中考英语完形填空常用短语(2)


1.以break为中心的词组

break away from 脱离,逃离

break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

break in闯进,打断;使顺服

break into闯入;强行进入;突然开始

breakout爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

break the law 违反法律

break the record 破记录

break one's promise 失言

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解


2.以catch为中心的词组

be caught doing 被发现做某事

be caught in the rain 淋雨

catch a bus/train赶汽车/火车

catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one's word 听懂某人的话

catch sight of发现,瞥见

catch  赶上,追及,追上


3.以come为中心的词组

come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

come back 回来;恢复,复原

come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成

come into power开始执政,当权,当选

come into use开始使用,获得应用

come on上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出

come to know 开始了解到

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

come true实现,成为现实;证实


中考英语完形填空常用短语(3)


4.以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭

be done with 完全结束

do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to(=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to 有害于

do its work 有效,有作用

do much 极有用

do wrong to做错

do one’s best尽某人最大努力

do one's homework做作业

do proud 足以使~~骄傲

do sb.justice公平对待某人

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc。)搞卫生

do sb.a favor帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮

do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理

do without不需要,不用

do wonders创造奇迹

have much to do with 和~~很有关系

have no thing to do with与~~无关

have something to do with 和~~有关

in doing so=in so doing这时,在这种情况下

That will do。行了;够了


5.以get为中心的词组

get about徘徊,走动,旅行;流传

get above oneself自视高傲

get accustomed to习惯于,对~~习以为常

get across度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead of胜过,超过

get along前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with与~~相处

get at发现,了解;掌握;攻击

have got to do不得不,必须

get away离开,逃脱

get back取回,回来;报复

get behind落后;识破

get down咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁

get down to认真对待,静下心来

get familiar with熟悉

get hold of获得,取得

get home到家

get in进入,陷入;牵涉

get off送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身

get on上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处

get up on with进步;在~~方面获得成功

get one’shand in熟悉;习惯

get out of由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成

get ready for为~~作准备

get rid of除去,去掉;免除,摆脱

get through到达,完成,通过;及格

get together积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

get up起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

get used to习惯于


6.以give为中心的词组

be given to沉溺于,癖好

give about分配;传播

give and take相互迁就

give away赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back归还

give cause给予~~的理由

give ear to侧耳倾听

give forth发出,放出;发表

give in屈服,让步,投降

give into同意,接受;向~~让步

give off发出(烟,气味)

give oneself out to be/as自称为

give oneself up to专心于;向~~自首

give out分发,公布

give place to让位于,被~~所替代

give rise to引起,导致;使~~发生

give sb.to understand 通知某人

give up放弃;停止

give away to 让步,退却;屈服于


中考英语完形填空常用短语(4)


7.以look为中心的词组

look around 四下环顾;查看

look after照顾,看管

look around东张西望

look at注视,着眼于 look back 回顾

look for寻找;期待,期望  look forward to盼望,期待

look into窥视;调查;浏览

look like看起来象 look on旁观;面向 look out向外看;注意;当心,堤防 look over从上面看过去;检查

look through透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

look up to仰望,尊敬


8.以make为中心的词组

be made from由~~原料制成

be made of由~~材料制成

be made up of由~~组成

make a fool of愚弄,欺骗

make a mistake弄错

make a point of doing强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持

make advantages/use of使用,利用

make after追求,追赶

make believe假装

make certain确信,把~~弄清楚

make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系

make friends with和~~交友

make into把~~制成,使~~转变为

make much of重视;理解;赏识

make one’s mind on sth。决定某事

make one’s own 当作自己的看待

make oneself at home随便,别拘束

make out填写;开支票;理解;辨认

make the best of尽量利用;极为重视

make up弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装

make up to接近,巴结;向~~求爱

make way for为~~让路,让路于


9.以put为中心的词组

put a side把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉    

put back把~~放回原处;驳回

put down放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put~~into把~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on上演;穿上,带上

put up with忍受,容忍

put one’s heart into全神贯注,专心致志

put up举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列


中考英语同义词组

1. 一……就……

as soon as

the moment,


2. 尽可能

as … as possible

as…as you can


3.乐意做……

be glad to do sth。

be pleased to do sth。

be happy to do sth。

be delighted to do sth。

have pleasure to do sth。


4.准备做……

get ready for sth。

get sth. ready

be ready for sth。

be ready to do sth。

prepare for sth。

prepare oneself for sth。

prepare to do sth。

prepare sth. for sb。

be prepared for sth。


5. “邀请”与“请求”

Would you like to do sth.?

Would you like sth.?

Would you please do…?

(回答:I’d love to 。)


6.四“没用”

It is no use (in)doing sth。

There is no use doing sth。

It is useless to do sth。

It is no good (in) doing sth。


7. 如此表示“结果”

so …that…

enough to do sth

too … to…

8. 八“花费”

sb. spends some time/money on sth

sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth。

sb. pays some money for sth。

sb. buy sth. for some money。

(sb sells sth. for some money。)

sth. costs sb. some time/money

It costs sb. some money/time to do sth。

It takes sb. some time/money to do sth。

It takes some time/money for sb. to do sth。


9. 五“为了”

so that             (引导目的状语从句)

in order that         (引导目的状语从句)

so as to do sth.       (引导目的状语,只位于句尾)

in order to do sth.     (引导目的状语,可首可尾)

to do sth.            (引导目的状语,可首可尾)


10. 三“以至于不”

too…to…

so …… that…not…。

not…enough to…


11. 两“习惯”

be used to doing sth。

be accustomed to doing sth。


12. 三个表示建议的表达

What about sth./doing sth.?

How about sth./doing sth.?

Why not do sth.?


13. 四“出什么毛病了”

What’s the matter with…?

What’s wrong with…?

What’s the trouble with…?

What happens to…?


14. 两“为什么不”

Why not do sth.?

Why don’t you do sth?


15. 三“不但……而且……”

not only…but also 

not only…but…

not only…but …as well


16.“劝阻”“阻止”

stop sb. from doing

keep sb. from doing 

prevent sb. from doing

discourage sb. from doing sth。

dissuade sb. from doing sth。


17. 四“相处”

get on with sb。

get on well with sb。

get along with sb。

get along well with sb。

mix with sb。

mix well with sb。


18. 五“因为”

thanks to

due to

because of

as a result of

owing to


19.两“形式”

It’s + adj. (for/of sb. ) to do sth. (形式主语)

find/think/feel it + adj. + to do sth. (形式宾语)


20. stress 句型汇总

be stressed out

be under a lot of stress

takestand the stress 忍受压力

put stress on sth. 强调


21. 两“弥补”

make up for

compensate for


22. 五个“在…看来”

in one’s opinion,

to one’s mind

in one’s view

in one’s eye

according to sb


23. 三“丢”

be lost

be missing

be gone


24. 八“著名”

be famous for sth。

be famous to sb。

be famous as + 职位

be famous to sb. as+ 职位

be known for sth。

be known to sb。

be known as+ 职位

be known to sb. as+ 职位


25. 四“满意”

be satisfied with

be pleased with

be happy with

be delighted with


26. 四“为……而高兴”

be pleased for sb

be happy for sb。

be glad for sb。

be delighted for sth。


27. 两“祝贺”

congratulate sb. on sth。

congratulations to sb. on sth。


28. 两“道歉”

apologize to sb. for sth。

make an apology to sb. for sth。


29. 三“玩得高兴”

have a good time

have fun (doing sth。)

enjoy oneself


30. 九“决定”

decide to do sth。

make a decision to do sth。

determine to do sth。

be determined to do sth。

make a determination to do sth

resolve to do sth。

make a resolution to do sth。

make up one’s mind to do sth。

set one’s mind to do sth。


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